Marom and Rak claim, on the basis of a few mandibular features, that the Nesher Ramla (NR) Homo is a Neanderthal. Their comments lack substance and contribute little to the debate surrounding the evolution of Middle Pleistocene Homo. Limitations and preconceptions in their study prevented them from achieving resolution beyond a dichotomous interpretation of the NR as either a Neanderthal or a modern human.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by grants from the Dan David Foundation, the Shmunis Family Anthropology Institute, the Leakey Foundation, the Care Archaeological Foundation, the Israel Science Foundation (1936/18, 1773/15), and the Swiss National Science Foundation (31003A_156299/176319). C.F. was supported by Swiss National Science Foundation grant 31003A_176319.
© 2021 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights reserved.