Restricting access in a job chains model of local employment creation

Joseph Persky*, Daniel Felsenstein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The job chains model of local labor market change is a demand-driven analytic device for estimating the effects of new job creation. This paper explores the effects of restricting supply, i.e., limiting job access, on the model's primary outcomes: vacancy chain multipliers, welfare effects, and distributional impacts. Major sources of labor supply are the local unemployed, out of the labor force and in-migrants. Three simulations are reported relating to (1) restricting new jobs to current local residents (i.e., no in-migrants), (2) restricting new jobs to current residents in the first round of hiring only, and (3) restricting hiring to local unemployed/out of labor force on the first round alone. The results are compared to the basic model that assumes no supply-side restrictions. In terms of chain length, welfare effects, distributional impacts, and policy palatability, first-round restrictions on in-migrants would seem to be the most plausible option. However, as an economic development strategy, well-targeted demand-side initiatives would still seem to be preferable.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)423-435
Number of pages13
JournalAnnals of Regional Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2006


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