Retrospective evaluation of factors associated with the morbidity and outcome of permethrin toxicosis in cats

Efrat Kelmer*, S. Oved, W. Abu Ahmad, O. Chai, I. Aroch, S. Klainbart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cats exposed to permethrins, which are present in ectoparasite control products intended for dogs, may develop signs of toxicity. This retrospective study describes the clinical course of permethrin toxicosis in cats, and examines if methocarbamol treatment had improved its morbidity and outcome. The study included 61cats diagnosed with permethrin toxicosis presented to the Hebrew University Veterinary Teaching Hospital. In most cases (89%), the owners have inadvertently applied anti-flea spot-on products designated for dogs to their cats, resulting in toxicosis-related clinical signs. These most common signs included tremors and twitching (90%), hypothermia (39%), seizures (30%), tachypnea (25%), abnormal mentation (18%), ataxia (16%), ptyalism (11%) and mydriasis (10%). Treatments included whole body bathing (85%), along with supportive care, sedatives and muscle relaxants. Some cats (5%) required general anesthesia. The median hospitalization period was one day (range, 1-9). The survival rate was 100%. Methocarbamol (50-330 mg/ kg, slow IV PRN) was administered to 41 cats (67%), which had a shorter (P=0.032) hospitalization period (median, 1 day) compared to that of cats untreated with methocarbamol (2 days). Cats with seizures treated with methocarbamol had a shorter (P=0.08) hospitalization period compared to that of cats untreated with methocarbamol. In conclusion, permethrin toxicosis occurs in cats, mainly by inadvertent application of canine flea insecticide spot-ons. The overall prognosis of such cases, when treated intensively was excellent. Herein, methocarbamol treatment of cats with this toxicosis, in general, as well as particularly in those presenting seizures, decreased their morbidity, as reflected by a shorter hospitalization period.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Journal of Veterinary Medicine
Volume75
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Israel Veterinary Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Feline
  • Methocarbamol
  • Poisoning
  • Pyrethroid
  • Seizures

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Retrospective evaluation of factors associated with the morbidity and outcome of permethrin toxicosis in cats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this