Debra Kaplan's book presents an urban history of early modern Strasbourg during the Reformation. Expelled in the late fourteenth century, Jews lived in small groups in the Alsatian countryside, entering the city in the morning and leaving as the last bells rang each evening. It was only in 1791 that they were readmitted. As such, this book is the story of a city officially without Jews but in which the Jewish presence was a constant. The first chapter sets the stage for the following chapters by discussing the unique features of Reformation Strasbourg and the distinctive form of Jewish presence/absence within the city.