Risk Aversion and the Gender Gap in the Vote for Populist Radical Right Parties

Odelia Oshri*, Liran Harsgor, Reut Itzkovitch-Malka, Or Tuttnauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous research has established that men are more likely to vote for populist radical right parties (PRRPs) than women. This article shows how cross-national and temporal variations in PRRPs’ electoral success interact with individuals’ risk propensity to affect this gender gap. We hypothesize that gender differences in the electoral support of PRRPs stem from disparities in risk-taking. We conceptualize risk in terms of two components, social and electoral, and demonstrate that women are more risk-averse regarding both. Our analysis is based on public opinion data from 14 countries (2002–16) combined with macrolevel data on PRRPs’ past parliamentary fortunes. To distinguish between the social and electoral components in risk-taking, we use the illustrative case study of Germany. Findings demonstrate that gender differences in risk-taking and, by implication, the differences between women's and men's responses to the electoral context are key to understanding the voting gender gap.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)701-717
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Journal of Political Science
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©2022, Midwest Political Science Association.

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