Role for lysine 142 in the excision of adenine from A:G mispairs by MutY DNA glycosylase of Escherichia coli

D. O. Zharkov, R. Gilboa, I. Yagil, J. H. Kycia, S. E. Gerchman, G. Shoham, A. P. Grollman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

MutY participates in the repair of oxidatively damaged DNA by excising adenine from dA:dG and dA:8-oxodG mispairs; this DNA glycosylase can be cross-linked to DNA through Lys-142. We have investigated the properties of a mutant protein in which Lys-142 is replaced by glutamine. Using the rifampicin resistance assay, MutY K142Q was shown to complement the mutY mutator phenotype to the same extent as wild-type MutY. Although MutY K142Q does not form a Schiff base with DNA, it retains in part the catalytic properties of wild-type enzyme. The K142Q mutation selectively impairs processing of DNA containing dA:dG mispairs but not that of substrates containing dA:8-oxodG. Decreased substrate processing is mediated primarily via an increase in K(D) (21.8 nM for MutY vs 298 nM for MutY K142Q). The catalytic constant, measured in single turnover experiments, was not significantly affected. At pH < 6.0, the activity of MutY K142Q on the dA:dG mispair was approximately the same as for wild-type protein, suggesting that a dG(anti) to dG(syn) transition is effected at low pH. The three-dimensional structure of the catalytic domain of MutY K142Q, determined at 1.35 Å resolution, shows no significant differences between wild-type and mutant protein, indicating that Lys-142 is not critical for maintaining the conformation of MutY. We conclude that Lys-142 recognizes guanine in the dA:dG mispair, helping position this residue in the syn conformation and facilitating binding of substrate DNA. Lys-142 is not involved in the catalytic steps of base excision.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)14768-14778
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemistry
Volume39
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Dec 2000

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