One-electron electrochemical reduction of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an effective way to produce hydroxyl radical (•OH), whose yield is greatly dependent on the performance (activity and selectivity) of electrocatalysts. However, the current method to evaluate the performance of electrocatalysts is limited by time-consuming and less sensitive method of •OH detection. Herein, we propose an online rotating ring disk electrode (RRDE) method to evaluate the performance of electrocatalysts in H2O2 activation by rapidly detecting •OH. This method is implemented by determining the current signals on the disk and ring electrodes: the generated •OH from H2O2 reduction on the disk electrode (induce negative disk currents) reacts with H2O2 to produce superoxide radical (O2•−), which migrates to and is oxidized on the ring electrode and generates positive ring currents. The relevance of the ring currents to O2•− and •OH is proved by radical quenching tests and kinetic analysis. The performance of five electrocatalysts were evaluated by both the RRDE method and the terephthalic acid (TPA) fluorescence method, and the consistent results verify the applicability of the RRDE method. Hence, this work facilitates the development of high-performance electrocatalysts for H2O2 activation and bring insights for RRDE-based electroanalytic chemistry.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 52070128 , 21876108 , 22106104 and 22111530110 ) and the Shanghai Jiao Tong University – The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Joint Seed Funding are gratefully acknowledged.
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
- Hydrogen peroxide activation
- Hydroxyl radicals
- Oxygen reduction reaction
- Reactive oxygen species
- Rotating ring disk electrode