Salty sisters: The women of halophiles

Bonnie K. Baxter*, Nina Gunde-Cimerman, Aharon Oren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


A history of halophile research reveals the commitment of scientists to uncovering the secrets of the limits of life, in particular life in high salt concentration and under extreme osmotic pressure. During the last 40 years, halophile scientists have indeed made important contributions to extremophile research, and prior international halophiles congresses have documented both the historical and the current work. During this period of salty discoveries, female scientists, in general, have grown in number worldwide. But those who worked in the field when there were small numbers of women sometimes saw their important contributions overshadowed by their male counterparts. Recent studies suggest that modern female scientists experience gender bias in matters such as conference invitations and even representation among full professors. In the field of halophilic microbiology, what is the impact of gender bias? How has the participation of women changed over time? What do women uniquely contribute to this field? What are factors that impact current female scientists to a greater degree? This essay emphasizes the "her story" (not "history") of halophile discovery.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numberArticle 192
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Issue numberJUN
StatePublished - 2014


  • Diversity
  • Halophiles
  • History of science
  • Nobel Prize
  • Women in science


Dive into the research topics of 'Salty sisters: The women of halophiles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this