School values across three cultures: A typology and interrelations

Ella Daniel*, Nadi Hofmann-Towfigh, Ariel Knafo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


A new typology of school-level values is reported in three cultural contexts. School values were assessed by aggregating the scores of 862 students, (ages 15-19) in 32 Jewish and Arab Israeli schools (Study 1), and 1,541 students (ages 11-21) from 8 European schools and 163 teachers from 6 of these schools (Study 2), using Schwartz's Portrait Values Questionnaire. Six school values emerged in both studies: achievement, autonomy, egalitarianism, harmony, compliance, and dominance. The importance of studying school-level values was demonstrated by relating the values of compliance and dominance to violence, and harmony values to student support measures (Study 1). Strong (minimal r =.64) school-level correlations between students of different ages and teachers supported the validity of the findings (Study 2).

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalSAGE Open
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Study 1 was supported by a Young Scientist Grant (2058/2002) from the German-Israeli Foundation for Research and Development to the last author.


  • School culture
  • School values
  • Values


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