Scientific opportunities at SARAF with a liquid lithium jet target neutron source

Ido Silverman*, Alex Arenshtam, Dan Berkovits, Ilan Eliyahu, Inbal Gavish, Asher Grin, Shlomi Halfon, Michael Hass, T. Y. Hirsh, Boaz Kaizer, Daniel Kijel, Arik Kreisel, Israel Mardor, Yonatan Mishnayot, Tala Palchan, Amichay Perry, Michael Paul, Guy Ron, Guy Shimel, Asher ShorNoam Tamim, Moshe Tessler, Sergey Vaintraub, Leo Weissman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

SARAF (Soreq Applied Research Accelerator Facility) is based on a 5 mA, 40 MeV, proton/deuteron accelerator. Phase-I, operational since 2010, provides proton and deuteron beams up to 4 and 5 MeV, respectively, for basic and applied research activities. The high power Liquid-Lithium jet Target (LiLiT), with 1.912 MeV proton beam, provides high flux quasi-Maxwellian neutrons at kT ∼30 keV (about 2 × 1010 n/s/cm2/mA on the irradiated sample, about 1 cm from the target), enabling studies of s-process reactions relevant to nucleo-synthesis of the heavy elements in giant AGB stars. With higher energy proton beams and with deuterons, LiLiT can provide higher fluxes of high energy neutrons up to 20 MeV. The experimental program with SARAF phase-I will be enhanced shortly with a new target room complex which is under construction. Finally, SARAF phase-II, planned to start operation at ∼2023, will enable full capabilities with proton/ deuteron beams at 5 mA and 40 MeV. Liquid lithium targets will then be used to produce neutron sources with intensities of 1015 n/s, which after thermalization will provide thermal neutron (25 meV) fluxes of about 1012 n/s/cm2 at the entrance to neutron beam lines to diffraction and radiography stations.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 28th International Conference of the International Nuclear Target Development Society, INTDS 2016
EditorsNtombizonke Kheswa, John Greene
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416673
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 May 2018
Event28th International Conference of the International Nuclear Target Development Society, INTDS 2016 - Stellenbosch, South Africa
Duration: 13 Nov 201618 Nov 2016

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1962
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference28th International Conference of the International Nuclear Target Development Society, INTDS 2016
Country/TerritorySouth Africa
CityStellenbosch
Period13/11/1618/11/16

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Author(s).

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Scientific opportunities at SARAF with a liquid lithium jet target neutron source'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this