Selective endovascular embolization for refractory idiopathic epistaxis is a safe and effective therapeutic option: Technique, complications, and outcomes

José E. Cohen*, Samuel Moscovici, John M. Gomori, Ron Eliashar, Jeffrey Weinberger, Eyal Itshayek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epistaxis generally responds to conservative management, but a more invasive approach, such as superselective embolization, is sometimes justified. We report our experience with endovascular procedures in 19 patients from 2002 to 2011 for the treatment of refractory idiopatic posterior epistaxis. The sphenopalatine artery and distal internal maxillary arteries were embolized in all patients. Unilateral embolization was performed in 12 patients (63%), bilateral embolization in seven (37%). Additional embolization of the descending palatine artery was performed in eight patients (42%) and embolization of the facial artery and palatine arteries in four (21%). In one patient the distal ophthalmic artery was embolized with n-butyl cyanoacrylate. No minor or major complications occurred in relation to the embolization procedures. The average hospital stay was 11.1 ± 8.6 days, including an average 5.2 ± 3.4 days after embolization. Average follow-up after discharge was 21.3 ± 25.7 months. Superselective endovascular embolization proved safe and effective in controlling idiopathic epistaxis, refractory to other maneuvers.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)687-690
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endovascular intervention
  • Hemorrhage
  • Intractable epistaxis
  • Selective percutaneous embolization

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