A characteristic of activated T lymphocytes is the expression of high affinity IL-2R. We studied a new method of selective immunosuppression directed against activated T cells by using a chimeric recombinant protein (IL-2-PE40) composed of IL-2 fused to a modified Pseudomonas exotoxin lacking its cell recognition domain. As a model of T cell-mediated disease, we used experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) produced in Lewis rats by active immunization with the retinal S-Ag. The treatment protocol consisted of i.p. injection of IL-2-PE40 at 0.25 μg/g every 12 h. Controls were PBS, PE40, or IL-2-PE40(asp553) a mutant form of the molecule with reduced activity. Treatment with IL-2-PE40 resulted in a significant reduction of the incidence and severity of EAU over controls. The analysis of the effect of i.p. injection of IL-2-PE40 on the popliteal draining lymph nodes of immunized animals showed a marked reduction in the lymphocytes content. Transfer experiments demonstrated that IL-2-PE40 prevented the development of EAU effector T cells. Interestingly, although activated B cells were reported to express IL-2R, there was no significant reduction of antibody production against the immunizing Ag under IL-2-PE40 treatment, suggesting sparing of the B cells.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1989|