The dimeric avidin family has been expanded in recent years to include many new members. All of them lack the intermonomeric Trp that plays a critical role in biotin-binding. Nevertheless, these new members of the avidins maintain the high affinity towards biotin. Additionally, all of the dimeric avidins share a very unique property: namely, the cylindrical oligomerization in the crystal structure. The newest member described here, agroavidin from the agrobacterium, Rhizobium sp. AAP43, shares their important structural features. However, the affinity of agroavidin towards biotin is lower than all other members of the avidin family, due to the presence of phenylalanine instead of a conserved tyrosine in the biotin-binding site. Mutating this phenylalanine into tyrosine regenerated the high affinity, which emphasizes the importance of this particular tyrosine residue. Another unique feature that distinguishes agroavidin from the other dimeric avidins is that it does not produce oligomers in its crystal structure. In order to understand the factors that promote oligomerization in dimeric avidins, we exchanged the C-terminal region of agroavidin with that of hoefavidin that produced octamers. This exchange resulted in a decamer rather than an octamer. This unusual outcome demonstrates the impact of the C-terminal region on the ability to produce oligomers. The decameric assembly of agroavidin expands the avidin-biotin toolbox even further and could well pave the path into new biotin-based technologies. Moreover, uncovering the factors that induce dimeric avidins into oligomeric assemblies may aid in better understanding the general molecular determinants that promote oligomerization.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We would like to thank the staff of ESRF, Grenoble, France for their outstanding help and maintaining and upgrading their facilities. JB was supported by the Neubauer foundation of Ph.D. fellowship. This research was partially supported by the Minerva Center for Bio‐hybrid Complex Systems.
We would like to thank the staff of ESRF, Grenoble, France for their outstanding help and maintaining and upgrading their facilities. JB was supported by the Neubauer foundation of Ph.D. fellowship. This research was partially supported by the Minerva Center for Bio-hybrid Complex Systems.
© 2023 The Authors. The FEBS Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
- crystal structure
- high-affinity systems
- protein self-assembly