Sequence analysis of the murine Hox-2.2, -2.3, and -2.4 homeo boxes: Evolutionary and structural comparisons

Charles P. Hart*, Abraham Fainsod, Frank H. Ruddle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


We have determined the nucleotide sequences and deduced the amino acid sequences of three tandemly arranged murine boxes of the Hox-2 homeo box gene complex on mouse chromosome 11 (Hox-2,2, -2.3, and -2.4). The type and position of differences with other sequenced homeo boxes were analyzed. Hox-2.2 is nearly identical with its cognate human homeo box Hu-2. Hox-2.3 shares 59 of 61 amino acids with the Anternapedia homeo domain of Drosophila and the MM-3 homeo domain of Xenopus and shows 60 of 61 amino acid identity with human HuC1. Hox-2.3, MM-3, and HuCl also share a stretch of six glutamic acid residues followed by a stop codon 15-20 amino acids 3′ of the homeo domain. Hox-2.4 is relatively divergent from most of the other homeo boxes sequenced to date; however, it matches the Hox-3.1 murine homeo domain at 60 of 61 positions. Sequence comparisons with other murine homeo domains, together with previous studies of their genomic organization and chromosomal location, provide support for the hypothesis of a large-scale duplication resulting in the two major murine homeo box gene complexes Hox-1 and Hox-2.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)182-195
Number of pages14
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1987
Externally publishedYes


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