Service climate antecedents of transit passenger complaints and temporary opt-out: The case study of Brasília

Pedro Henrique da Silva*, Sigal Kaplan, Pastor Willy Gonzales Taco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The importance of understanding the antecedents of transit passenger complaints derives from their possible effect on ridership and potential contribution as a valuable data source for service improvements. This study explores the effect of the service climate, disruption frequency, and perceived value of complaints on complaint intentions. It also explores the correlation between complaints and temporary opt-out when controlling for personal and trip characteristics. The theoretical framework combines the affective event theory with the consumer complaint intention model. We validate the framework with a survey of 533 respondents in Brasília. The results show that: i) complaints derive from level-of-service perceptions, frequency of disruptive events, and the perceived emotional, moral, and functional value of complaining; ii) good customer care and the belief in the ability of the operators to prevent disruptive events increase the perceived value of complaints; iii) stronger complaint intentions lead to temporary opt-out intentions provided there are alternative modes. That results show that the service climate, disruptive event management, and handling customer care are essential factors in maintaining passenger operator-relations.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number100671
JournalResearch in Transportation Business and Management
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Attitudes
  • Complaints
  • Public transport
  • Service disruptions
  • Transit passengers


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