SES effects on the use of variation sets in child-directed speech

Shira Tal*, Inbal Arnon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Socio-economic status (SES) impacts the amount and type of input children hear in ways that have developmental consequences. Here, we examine the effect of SES on the use of variation sets (successive utterances with partial self-repetitions) in child-directed speech (CDS). Variation sets have been found to facilitate language learning, but have been studied only in higher-SES groups. Here, we examine their use in naturalistic speech in two languages (Hebrew and English) for both low-and high-SES caregivers. We find that variation sets are more frequent in the input of high-SES caregivers in both languages, indicating that SES also impacts structural properties of CDS.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1423-1438
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Child Language
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Cambridge University Press.


  • SES
  • child-directed speech
  • variation sets


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