Signal transfer in passive dendrites with nonuniform membrane conductance

Michael London*, Claude Meunier, Idan Segev

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


In recent years it became clear that dendrites possess a host of ion channels that may be distributed nonuniformly over their membrane surface. In cortical pyramids, for example, it was demonstrated that the resting membrane conductance G(m)(x) is higher (the membrane is 'leakier') at distal dendritic regions than at more proximal sites. How does this spatial nonuniformity in G(m)(x) affect the input-output function of the neuron? The present study aims at providing basic insights into this question. To this end, we have analytically studied the fundamental effects of membrane non-uniformity in passive cable structures. Keeping the total membrane conductance over a given modeled structure fixed (i.e., a constant number of passive ion channels), the classical case of cables with uniform membrane conductance is contrasted with various nonuniform cases with the following general conclusions. (1) For cylindrical cables with 'sealed ends,' monotonic increase in G(m)(x) improves voltage transfer from the input location to the soma. The steeper the G(m)(x), the larger the improvement. (2) This effect is further enhanced when the stimulation is distal and consists of a synaptic input rather than a current source. (3) Any nonuniformity in G(m)(x) decreases the electrotonic length, L, of the cylinder. (4) The system time constant τ(o) is larger in the nonuniform case than in the corresponding uniform case. (5) When voltage transients relax with τ(o), the dendritic tree is not isopotential in the nonuniform case, at variance with the uniform case. The effect of membrane nonuniformity on signal transfer in reconstructed dendritic trees and on the I/f relation of the neuron is also considered, and experimental methods for assessing membrane nonuniformity in dendrites are discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)8219-8233
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1 Oct 1999


  • Cable theory
  • Compartmental modeling
  • Dendritic ion channels
  • Dendritic signal transfer
  • Dendritic transients
  • Nonuniform membrane conductances


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