Well-defined ruthenium(II) phosphinous acid (PA) complexes enabled chemo-, site-, and diastereoselective C-H functionalization of arenes and alkenes with ample scope. The outstanding catalytic activity was reflected by catalyst loadings as low as 0.75 mol %, and the most step-economical access reported to date to angiotensin II receptor antagonist blockbuster drugs. Mechanistic studies indicated a kinetically relevant C-X cleavage by a single-electron transfer (SET)-type elementary process, and provided evidence for a PA-assisted C-H ruthenation step. A blockbuster catalyst: Well-defined ruthenium(II) phosphinous acid (PA) complexes were identified as powerful catalysts for highly selective C-H arylations with ample scope, which enabled low catalyst loadings and gave step-economical access to blockbuster drugs. Mechanistic studies were supportive of a PA-assisted C-H activation.
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- C-H activation
- reaction mechanisms