Single photon sources with near unity collection efficiencies by deterministic placement of quantum dots in nanoantennas

Hamza Abudayyeh, Boaz Lubotzky, Anastasia Blake, Jun Wang, Somak Majumder, Zhongjian Hu, Younghee Kim, Han Htoon, Riya Bose, Anton V. Malko, Jennifer A. Hollingsworth*, Ronen Rapaport*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Deterministic coupling between photonic nodes in a quantum network is an essential step toward implementing various quantum technologies. The omnidirectionality of free-standing emitters, however, makes this coupling highly inefficient, in particular if the distant nodes are coupled via low numerical aperture (NA) channels such as optical fibers. This limitation requires placing quantum emitters in nanoantennas that can direct the photons into the channels with very high efficiency. Moreover, to be able to scale such technologies to a large number of channels, the placing of the emitters should be deterministic. In this work, we present a method for directly locating single free-standing quantum emitters with high spatial accuracy at the center of highly directional bullseye metal-dielectric nanoantennas. We further employ non-blinking, high quantum yield colloidal quantum dots for on-demand single-photon emission that is uncompromised by instabilities or non-radiative exciton recombination processes. Taken together, this approach results in a record-high collection efficiency of 85% of the single photons into a low NA of 0.5, setting the stage for efficient coupling between on-chip, room temperature nanoantenna-emitter devices and a fiber or a remote free-space node without the need for additional optics.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number036109
JournalAPL Photonics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021

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