'Sites of memory' of the Holocaust: Shaping national memory in the education system in Israel

Julia Resnik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article attempts to understand the development of the national memory in Israel and the stress on the Holocaust as the constitutive representation of the national identity in the last decades. In the first three decades of the existence of the state, at a time Israeli society was embedded in an 'environment of memory' due to the presence of a big proportion of Holocaust survivors, the subject of the Holocaust was almost neglected in schools. On the other hand, since the 1980s, when the 'environment of memory' of the Holocaust started to fade naturally, 'sites of memories' of the Holocaust started to blossom in the education system. The national memory is meant to support political and social arrangements in the present; thus, in order to shape national subjects, the education system has to adapt the official memory accordingly. While in the past, the memory of the Holocaust was counterproductive to the formation of the 'new Jew', it became an appropriate response to the crisis of the national subjectivity unleashed after the Yom Kippur War.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)297-317
Number of pages21
JournalNations and Nationalism
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes

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