MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate the expression and translation of genes in healthy and diseased tissues. Herein, we characterize short RNAs from human HeLa cells found in the supraspliceosome, a nuclear dynamic machine in which pre-mRNA processing occurs. We sequenced small RNAs (<200 nt) extracted from the supraspliceosome, and identified sequences that are derived from 200 miRNAs genes. About three quarters of them arematuremiRNAs, whereas the rest account for various defined regions of the pre-miRNA, and its hairpin-loop precursor. Out of these aligned sequences, 53 were undetected in cellular extract, and the abundance of additional 48 strongly differed from that in cellular extract. Notably, we describe seven abundant miRNA-derived sequences that overlap non-coding exons of their host gene. The rich collection of sequences identical to pre-miRNAs at the supraspliceosome suggests overlooked nuclear functions. Specifically, the abundant hsa-mir- 99b may affect splicing of LINC01129 primary transcript through base-pairing with its exon-intron junction. Using suppression and overexpression experiments, we show that hsa-mir-7704 negatively regulates the level of the lncRNA HAGLR. We claim that in cases of extended base-pairing complementarity, such supraspliceosomal pre-miRNA sequences might have a role in transcription attenuation, maturation and processing.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Israel Cancer Research Fund (ICRF) Acceleration Grant (to R.S and L.C) (in part); ELIXIR Excelerate [676559 to M.L.]. Funding for open access charge: ICRF.
© The Author(s) 2018.