Social Solidarity and Sentencing Disparities Between Ethnic Groups: The Case of Hit-and-Run Traffic Offenses

Roni Factor*, Miriam Gur-Arye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Studies of sentencing disparities show that in sentencing for cross-race or cross-ethnic violent offenses, minority defendants are likely to be sentenced to harsher punishments when the victim belongs to the majority group. Our study examines whether the same pattern of sentencing discrepancies is to be found with regard to offenses of omission, the prohibition of which imposes a legal duty to come to the aid of a victim; offenses that are based on social solidarity. The dataset includes all cases in which defendants were convicted of hit-and-run traffic offenses in Israel from 2001 to 2013. The surprising results show that hit-and-run drivers who belong to either the majority or minority ethnic group are likely to be sentenced to more severe punishments when the victim belongs to the same ethnic group than when the victim belongs to a different ethnic group.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)164-185
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Empirical Legal Studies
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Cornell Law School and Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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