TY - JOUR

T1 - Some problems on the boundary of fractal geometry and additive combinatorics

AU - Hochman, Michael

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - This paper is an exposition, with some new applications, of our results from Hochman (Ann Math (2) 180(2):773–822, 2014; preprint, 2015, http://arxiv. org/abs/1503.09043) on the growth of entropy of convolutions. We explain the main result on ℝ, and derive, via a linearization argument, an analogous result for the action of the affine group on ℝ. We also develop versions of the results for entropy dimension and Hausdorff dimension. The method is applied to two problems on the border of fractal geometry and additive combinatorics. First, we consider attractors X of compact families Φ of similarities of ℝ. We conjecture that if Φ is uncountable and X is not a singleton (equivalently, Φ is not contained in a 1-parameter semigroup) then dim X = 1. We show that this would follow from the classical overlaps conjecture for self-similar sets, and unconditionally we show that if X is not a point and dim Φ > 0 then dim X = 1. Second, we study a problem due to Shmerkin and Keleti, who have asked how small a set 0 ≠ Y ⊆ ℝ can be if at every point it contains a scaled copy of the middle-third Cantor set K. Such a set must have dimension at least dim K and we show that its dimension is at least dim K + δ for some constant δ > 0.

AB - This paper is an exposition, with some new applications, of our results from Hochman (Ann Math (2) 180(2):773–822, 2014; preprint, 2015, http://arxiv. org/abs/1503.09043) on the growth of entropy of convolutions. We explain the main result on ℝ, and derive, via a linearization argument, an analogous result for the action of the affine group on ℝ. We also develop versions of the results for entropy dimension and Hausdorff dimension. The method is applied to two problems on the border of fractal geometry and additive combinatorics. First, we consider attractors X of compact families Φ of similarities of ℝ. We conjecture that if Φ is uncountable and X is not a singleton (equivalently, Φ is not contained in a 1-parameter semigroup) then dim X = 1. We show that this would follow from the classical overlaps conjecture for self-similar sets, and unconditionally we show that if X is not a point and dim Φ > 0 then dim X = 1. Second, we study a problem due to Shmerkin and Keleti, who have asked how small a set 0 ≠ Y ⊆ ℝ can be if at every point it contains a scaled copy of the middle-third Cantor set K. Such a set must have dimension at least dim K and we show that its dimension is at least dim K + δ for some constant δ > 0.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028750209&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-57805-7_7

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-57805-7_7

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AN - SCOPUS:85028750209

SN - 2297-0215

VL - PartF3

SP - 129

EP - 174

JO - Trends in Mathematics

JF - Trends in Mathematics

ER -