Spawning induction and hormonal levels during final oocyte maturation in the silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus)

Berta Levavi-Sivan*, Rima Vaiman, Ofer Sachs, Itai Tzchori

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


The silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus Mitchell) (Teraponidae), is a native Australian freshwater fish that, due to its high potential for aquaculture, was introduced to Israeli fish farming. The objective of this study was to find an optimal method for inducing spawning of silver perch. The agents tested for this purpose were: human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; 150 or 200 IU/kg BW); salmon gonadotropin releasing hormone analogue (sGnRHa at 10, 20, 30, or 40 μg/kg BW); mammalian GnRH analogue (mGnRHa at 30 μg/kg) and the combination of sGnRHa at 20 μg/kg and domperidone at 5 mg/kg BW. Based on spawning success and relative fecundity, sGnRHa at the dose of 30 μg/kg was found to be more efficient than hCG, mGnRHa or sGnRHa with domperidone. Since domperidone does not improve the GnRHa effect on final oocyte maturation (FOM) and spawning, it is suggested that the dopaminergic inhibition during the stages of FOM in the silver perch is weak. Therefore, the use of GnRHa alone is sufficient to induce spawning in this fish. Immunoreactive gonadotropin (IR-GtH) and estradiol levels increased after a single injection of sGnRHa, and peaked after 24 h. Plasma levels of 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17,20-P) also increased significantly 24 h after the injection of mGnRHa, 12 h before spawning, suggesting that 17,20-P is the maturation-inducing steroid in silver perch. In order to reveal whether the heterologous gonadotropin may elicit an immunological reaction, silver perch was subjected to prolonged treatment with hCG. This treatment resulted in no detectable titer of antibodies against the mammalian gonadotropin. In conclusion, although hCG has no deleterious effects in this fish, and is the more commonly used for spawning induction, sGnRHa at 30 μg/kg is the recommended treatment for spawning induction of female silver perch under the conditions prevailing in Israeli aquaculture.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)419-431
Number of pages13
Issue number1-4
StatePublished - 12 Jan 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Israeli Organization of Fisheries.


  • 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one
  • Domperidone
  • Estradiol
  • Final oocyte maturation
  • GTH
  • GnRH
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin
  • Silver perch
  • Spawning induction


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