Spectral induced polarization of clay-oxide hybrid particles

Nimrod Schwartz, Lior Levy, Ben Carmeli, Adi Radian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The properties of clays and oxides govern many environmental processes, consequently, ongoing effort is invested in developing non-destructive, in-situ analytical tools that reflect these properties. Herein, the physicochemical properties of montmorillonite (MMT) and iron-oxide coated montmorillonite (FeOx-MMT) were characterized using common analytical techniques, and the results were compared to spectral induced polarization (SIP) measurements. FeOx-MMT particles showed a lower CEC, higher pH dependency of the surface charge, and lower suspension stability. Also, the size of the primary particles increased following iron-oxide deposition. SIP measurements over a range of salinities showed that the effective polarization length of the clays was in the order of several microns, suggesting the measurements of aggregates (not primary particles). Moreover, FeOx-MMT particles were more compact than MMT, and their size decreased with increasing salinity due to compaction of the EDL and arrangement of primary particles in the aggregate. The SIP-response to pH changes agreed with zeta potential measurements; at low pH values, MMT exhibited higher polarization due to the higher CEC. However, at a high pH, the differences diminish due to deprotonation of the Fe-OH surface groups. These findings suggest that SIP is a sensitive method that can detect changes in the surface chemistry of soil particles.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)173-180
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.


  • Aggregation
  • Clay minerals
  • Complex conductivity
  • Electrical double layer
  • Impedance spectroscopy
  • Iron oxides
  • Montmorillonite
  • Spectral induced polarization


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