Spontaneous scaling emergence in generic stochastic systems

Sorin Solomon*, Moshe Levy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

We extend a generic class of systems which have previously been shown to spontaneously develop scaling (power law) distributions of their elementary degrees of freedom. While the previous systems were linear and exploded exponentially for certain parameter ranges, the new systems fulfill nonlinear time evolution equations similar to the ones encountered in Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking (SSB) dynamics and evolve spontaneously towards "fixed trajectories" indexed by the average value of their degrees of freedom (which corresponds to the SSB order parameter). The "fixed trajectories" dynamics evolves on the edge between explosion and collapse/extinction. The systems present power laws with exponents which in a wide range (α < -2.) are universally determined by the ratio between the minimal and the average values of the degrees of freedom. The time fluctuations are governed by Levy distributions of corresponding power. For exponents α > -2 there is no "thermodynamic limit" and the fluctuations are dominated by a few, largest degrees of freedom which leads to macroscopic fluctuations, chaos, and bursts/intermittency.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)745-751
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics C
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1996

Keywords

  • Dynamical and Stochastic Chaos
  • Order Parameters Far from Equilibrium
  • Pareto-Levy Laws
  • Scaling Emergence
  • Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking
  • Universal Critical Exponents

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Spontaneous scaling emergence in generic stochastic systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this