Sport facility development: municipal capital and shutting out the private sector

Gidon S. Jakar*, Eran Razin, Mark S. Rosentraub, Gillad Rosen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Regime theory provides a framework for exploring changes in development patterns and internal dynamics of growth coalitions. Academic debates on sport and urban development have focused on large American and European markets, where such venues are increasingly led by urban regimes that aim to leverage public goals through private investment. Based on a detailed qualitative analysis of four projects in three major Israeli cities, this work examines a different typology of sport venue development–‘public regime’, which operates in a small market context. The Israeli public regime neither allows the private sector to assume central roles in the design, development and operation of venues nor does it stimulate real estate development anchored by the venue. The assumption that professional sports is not a viable business in small markets is used to justify the public monopoly that regards the venues as public amenities, legitimizing the lack of strategic and business plans, producing benefits for the local political elite but doing little to stabilize professional sport and secure economic returns for the public. The more affluent city of Tel Aviv demonstrates a breakout from a pure public regime, where public control is retained but more business-oriented considerations are incorporated.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1222-1241
Number of pages20
JournalEuropean Planning Studies
Issue number6
StatePublished - 3 Jun 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Israel
  • Urban development
  • public regime
  • sports infrastructure


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