Stability of early risk assessment for autism spectrum disorder in preterm infants

Maya Yaari, Neta Yitzhak, Ayelet Harel, Edwa Friedlander, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, David Mankuta, Ifat Gamliel, Nurit Yirmiya*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stability and change in early autism spectrum disorder risk were examined in a cohort of 99 preterm infants (≤34 weeks of gestation) using the Autism Observation Scale for Infants at 8 and 12 months and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule - Toddler Module at 18 months. A total of 21 infants were identified at risk by the Autism Observation Scale for Infants at 8 months, and 9 were identified at risk at 12 months, including 4 children who were not previously identified. At 18 months, eight children were identified at risk for autism spectrum disorder using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule - Toddler Module, only half of whom had been identified using the original Autism Observation Scale for Infants cutoffs. Results are discussed in relation to early trajectories of autism spectrum disorder risk among preterm infants as well as identifying social-communication deficiencies associated with the early preterm behavioral phenotype.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)856-867
Number of pages12
JournalAutism
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015.

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorders
  • development
  • early diagnosis
  • preterm
  • screening

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