Quantitative PCR for specific mutation is being increasingly used in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) to assess Measurable Residual Disease (MRD), allowing for more tailored clinical decisions. To date, standardized molecular MRD is limited to typical NPM1 mutations and core binding factor translocations, with clear prognostic and clinical implications. The monitoring of other identified mutations lacks standardization, limiting its use and incorporation in clinical trials. To overcome this problem, we designed a plasmid bearing both the sequence of the mutation of interest and the ABL reference gene. This allows the use of commercial standards for ABL to determine the MRD response in copy number. We provide technical aspects of this approach as well as our experience with 19 patients with atypical NPM1, RUNX1 and IDH1/2 mutations. In all cases, we demonstrate a correlation between response and copy number. We further demonstrate how copy number monitoring can modulate the clinical management. Taken together, we provide proof of concept of a novel yet simple tool, which allows in-house MRD monitoring for identified mutations, with ABL-based commercial standards. This approach would facilitate large multi-center studies assessing the clinical relevance of selected MRD monitoring.
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© 2023 by the authors.
- acute myeloid leukemia
- measurable residual disease
- plasmid base