Strategies to immobilized catalysts: A key tool for modern chemistry

Oriana Piermatti*, Raed Abu-Reziq, Luigi Vaccaro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

9 Scopus citations


During the last few decades, a great deal of attention has been paid to develop methods for heterogenization of homogeneous catalysts in order to reduce costs and protect the environment. In this chapter, some recent advances in developing methods for heterogenization of homogeneous catalysts to achieve easily separable and recyclable solid catalysts are described. The immobilization of catalysts on solids such as silica or polymeric supports via various techniques is presented. In addition, the encapsulation of catalysts within silica matrices by sol-gel process or preparation catalytic polymeric microcapsules is demonstrated. Some promising approaches for the immobilization of catalysts using novel supports such as metal organic frameworks (MOFs), periodic mesoporous organosilicas (PMOs) or magnetic nanoparticles is described in the end of this chapter. Moreover, the main analytical methods that are usually used to characterize heterogeneous catalysts are depicted.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationCatalyst Immobilization
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Applications
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9783527817290
ISBN (Print)9783527345090
StatePublished - 2 Dec 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.


  • Characterization of heterogeneous catalysts
  • Heterogeneous vs. homogeneous catalysis
  • Methods of immobilization
  • Supports


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