Strong-field double ionization of helium: A density-functional perspective

M. Petersilka*, E. K.U. Gross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


In this work we address the problem of multiple ionization of atoms in strong laser fields (in the infrared and visible range). To this end we numerically solve the full, three-dimensional time-dependent Kohn-Sham equations for a Helium atom in a strong laser field at wavelengths of 780 and 614 nm. Explicit density functionals for the calculation of ionization probabilities are developed. From the results, we will draw conclusions about the role of electronic correlation in the ionization dynamics and about the validity of present-day exchange-correlation potentials.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalLaser Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes


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