The left atrial appendage (LAA) of the adult heart has been shown to contain cardiac and myeloid progenitor cells. The resident myeloid progenitor population expresses an array of pro-regenerative paracrine factors. Cardiac constructs have been shown to inhibit deleterious remodeling of the heart using physical support. Due to these aspects, LAA holds promise as a regenerative transplant. LAAs from adult mT/mG mice were transplanted to the recipient 129X1-SvJ mice simultaneously as myocardial infarction (MI) was performed. A decellularized LAA patch was im-planted in the control group. Two weeks after MI, the LAA patch had integrated to the ventricular wall, and migrated cells were seen in the MI area. The cells had two main phenotypes: small F4/80+ cells and large troponin C+ cells. After follow-up at 8 weeks, the LAA patch remained viable, and the functional status of the heart improved. Cardiac echo demonstrated that, after 6 weeks, the mice in the LAA-patch-treated group showed an increasing and statistically significant improvement in cardiac performance when compared to the MI and MI + decellularized patch controls. Physical patch-support (LAA and decellularized LAA patch) had an equal effect on the inhibition of deleterious remodeling, but only the LAA patch inhibited the hypertrophic response. Our study demon-strates that the LAA transplantation has the potential for use as a treatment for myocardial infarc-tion. This method can putatively combine cell therapy (regenerative effect) and physical support (inhibition of deleterious remodeling).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This study was supported by funding from the Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research (E.K. and E.M.) and the Academy of Finland (E.M.). Open access funding was provided by University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Library (HuLib).
This study was supported by funding from the Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research (E.K. and E.M.) and the Academy of Finland (E.M.). Open access funding was provided by University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Library (HuLib).
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- adult stem cells
- atrial appendage
- heart failure
- tissue transplant