Structure–Activity Relationship of Synthetic Linear KTS-Peptides Containing Meta-Aminobenzoic Acid as Antagonists of α1β1 Integrin with Anti-Angiogenic and Melanoma Anti-Tumor Activities

Majdi Saleem Naamneh, Tatjana Momic, Michal Klazas, Julius Grosche, Johannes A. Eble, Cezary Marcinkiewicz, Netaly Khazanov, Hanoch Senderowitz, Amnon Hoffman, Chaim Gilon, Jehoshua Katzhendler, Philip Lazarovici*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To develop peptide drugs targeting integrin receptors, synthetic peptide ligands endowed with well-defined selective binding motifs are necessary. The snake venom KTS-containing disintegrins, which selectively block collagen α1β1 integrin, were used as lead compounds for the synthesis and structure–activity relationship of a series of linear peptides containing the KTS-pharmacophore and alternating natural amino acids and 3-aminobenzoic acid (MABA). To ensure a better stiffness and metabolic stability, one, two and three MABA residues, were introduced around the KTS pharmacophore motif. Molecular dynamics simulations determined that the solution conformation of MABA peptide 4 is more compact, underwent larger conformational changes until convergence, and spent most of the time in a single cluster. The peptides’ binding affinity has been characterized by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in which the most potent peptide 4 inhibited with IC50 of 324 ± 8 µM and 550 ± 45 µM the binding of GST-α1-A domain to collagen IV fragment CB3, and the cell adhesion to collagen IV using α1-overexpressor cells, respectively. Docking studies and MM-GBSA calculations confirmed that peptide 4 binds a smaller region of the integrin near the collagen-binding site and penetrated deeper into the binding site near Trp1. Peptide 4 inhibited tube formation by endothelial cell migration in the Matrigel angiogenesis in vitro assay. Peptide 4 was acutely tolerated by mice, showed stability in human serum, decreased tumor volume and angiogenesis, and significantly increased the survival of mice injected with B16 melanoma cells. These findings propose that MABA-peptide 4 can further serve as an α1β1-integrin antagonist lead compound for further drug optimization in angiogenesis and cancer therapy.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number549
JournalPharmaceuticals
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.

Keywords

  • angiogenesis
  • cell adhesion
  • conformation
  • integrin α1
  • KTS
  • MABA
  • melanoma tumor
  • modeling
  • peptide synthesis
  • stability

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