Study of the lithium-rich integrated compound xLi2MnO 3 · (1-x)Li[MnyNizCow]O 2 (x around 0.5; M = Mn, Ni, Co; 2:2:1) and its electrochemical activity as positive electrode in lithium cells

Francis Amalraj, Michael Talianker, Boris Markovsky*, Daniel Sharon, Luba Burlaka, Gilead Shafir, Ella Zinigrad, Ortal Haik, Doron Aurbach, Jordan Lampert, Martin Schulz-Dobrick, Arnd Garsuch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the structural characteristics of Li-rich xLi 2MnO3 · (1-x)Li[MnyNizCo w]O2 cathode material (x around 0.5, y:z:w around 2:2:1) and its electrochemical performance in lithium cells at 30 and 60°C. It was established that nanoparticles of the xLi2MnO3 · (1-x)Li[MnyNizCow]O2 compound are intergrown on the nano-scale and are built of thin plates of 40-50 Å. We demonstrated that xLi2MnO3 · (1-x)Li[Mn yNizCow]O2 electrodes exhibited at 60°C high capacities of ̃270 and ̃220 mAh/g at 1C and 2C rates, respectively. They can be cycled effectively at 30 and 60°C providing capacity ̃250 mAh/g in the initial cycles, but it fades upon prolonged cycling due, to some extent, to increasing the electrode impedance (charge-transfer resistance) especially at the elevated temperature. The effective chemical diffusion coefficient of Li+ in these electrodes measured during charge to 4.7 V by potentiostatic intermittent titration technique (PITT) was found to be ̃10-10 cm2/s. From convergent beam electron diffraction and Raman spectroscopy studies we established, for the first time, that partial structural transition from layered-type to spinel-type ordering in xLi2MnO3 · (1-x)Li[MnyNi zCow]O2 electrodes occurred in the initial charge to 4.7 V and even at the early stages of charging at 4.1 V-4.4 V. The thermal behavior of the xLi2MnO3 · (1-x)Li[Mn yNizCow]O2 material and electrodes are also discussed.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)A324-A337
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume160
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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