Study of the nanosized Li2MnO3: Electrochemical behavior, structure, magnetic properties, and vibrational modes

S. Francis Amalraj, Daniel Sharon, Michael Talianker, Christian M. Julien, Luba Burlaka, Ronit Lavi, Ekaterina Zhecheva, Boris Markovsky*, Ella Zinigrad, Daniela Kovacheva, Radostina Stoyanova, Doron Aurbach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, we synthesized nano-particles (20-80 nm) of Li 2MnO3 using the self-combustion reaction and studied the electrochemical activity of electrodes prepared from this nano-material at 30, 45, and 60 C. It was shown that the first Li-extraction from nano-Li 2MnO3 occurs at much lower potentials (by 180-360 mV) in comparison with micron-sized Li2MnO3 electrodes. This can be associated with the higher surface-to-volume ratio, much shorter the diffusion path and the increased surface concentration of the electrochemically active sites. On the basis of magnetic susceptibility studies of nano-Li 2MnO3 we proposed a model of disordered surface layer, containing Mn3+ or Mn2+ ions, both at low spin state, at the surface of these nano-particles. From the results of structural analysis (by X-ray and electron diffraction and vibrational Raman spectroscopy) of galvanostatically cycled nano-Li2MnO3 electrodes in Li-cells we came to a conclusion of partial transition of layered LiMO 2 to spinel-type ordering.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)259-270
Number of pages12
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume97
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrochemical activity
  • LiMnO nano-particles
  • Magnetic characteristics
  • Structure
  • Vibrational modes

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