The use of antibodies to block inhibitory receptors, primarily anti-PD1 and CTLA4 (known as checkpoint therapy) revolutionized cancer treatment. However, despite these successes, the majority of cancer patients do not respond to the checkpoint treatment, emphasizing the need for development of additional therapies, which are based on other inhibitory receptors. Human TIGIT is an inhibitory receptor expressed by Natural Killer (NK) and T cells and is mainly known to interact with PVR, Nectin-2, Nectin-3, and Nectin-4. Whether mouse TIGIT interacts with all of these ligands is still unclear. Additionally, the in vivo function of TIGIT against tumors is not completely understood. Here, we demonstrate that mouse TIGIT interacts with and is inhibited by mPVR only. Using CRISPR-Cas9 technology, we generated TIGIT-deficient mice and demonstrated that NK cell cytotoxicity and degranulation against two tumor types were lower in WT mice when compared to the TIGIT KO mice. Moreover, in vivo tumor progression was slower in TIGIT KO than in WT mice. Taken together, our data established that mTIGIT has only one ligand, PVR, and that in the absence of TIGIT tumors are killed better both in vitro and in vivo.
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© 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- Fusion protein
- TIGIT-KO mouse