Livin is a member of the Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein family which inhibits apoptosis induced by a variety of stimuli. We previously identified Livin and demonstrated that following apoptotic stimuli, Livin is cleaved by effector caspases to produce a truncated form with paradoxical pro-apoptotic activity. In the present study, we reveal that while full-length Livin shows diffuse cytoplasmic localization, truncated Livin (tLivin) is found in a peri-nuclear distribution with marked localization to the Golgi apparatus. Using mutation analysis, we identified two domains that are crucial for the pro-apoptotic activity of tLivin: the N-terminal region of tLivin which is exposed by cleavage, and the RING domain. We demonstrate that, of the N-terminal sequence, only the first N-terminal glycine residue dictates the peri-nuclear distribution of tLivin. However, while the perinuclear localization of tLivin is essential, it is not sufficient for tLivin to exert its pro-apoptotic function. Once tLivin is properly localized, an intact RING domain enables its pro-apoptotic function.
|Original language||American English|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death|
|State||Published - Jul 2007|
- Golgi apparatus
- RING domain
- Subcellular localization