Substrate-dependent control of MAPK phosphorylation in vivo

Yoosik Kim, Ze'Ev Paroush, Knud Nairz, Ernst Hafen, Gerardo Jiménez*, Stanislav Y. Shvartsman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphorylation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is essential for its enzymatic activity and ability to control multiple substrates inside a cell. According to the current models, control of MAPK phosphorylation is independent of its substrates, which are viewed as mere sensors of MAPK activity. Contrary to this modular view of MAPK signaling, our studies in the Drosophila embryo demonstrate that substrates can regulate the level of MAPK phosphorylation in vivo. We demonstrate that a twofold change in the gene dosage of a single substrate can induce a significant change in the phosphorylation level of MAPK and in the conversion of other substrates. Our results support a model where substrates of MAPK counteract its dephosphorylation by phosphatases. Substrate-dependent control of MAPK phosphorylation is a manifestation of a more general retroactive effect that should be intrinsic to all networks with covalent modification cycles.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number467
JournalMolecular Systems Biology
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

Keywords

  • MAPK cascades
  • cell signaling
  • network biology

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