15N Solid State NMR Spectroscopic Study of Surface Amine Groups for Carbon Capture: 3-Aminopropylsilyl Grafted to SBA-15 Mesoporous Silica

Daphna Shimon, Chia Hsin Chen, Jason J. Lee, Stephanie A. Didas, Carsten Sievers, Christopher W. Jones, Sophia E. Hayes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Materials composed of high-porosity solid supports, such as SBA-15, containing amine-bearing moieties inside the pores, such as 3-aminopropylsilane (APS), are envisioned for carbon dioxide capture; solid-state 15N NMR can be highly informative for studying chemisorption reactions. Two 15N-enriched samples with different APS loadings were studied to probe the identity of the pendant molecules and structure of the chemisorbed CO2 species. 15N cross-polarization magic-angle spinning NMR provides unique information about the amines, whether they are rigid or dynamic, by measuring contact time curves and rotating frame, T(15N), relaxation. Both carbamate and carbamic acid are formed; carbamic acid is shown to be less stable than carbamate. After desorption, a steady state for the chemisorbed reaction product is reached, leaving behind carbamate. 15N NMR monitors the evolution of the species over time. During desorption, APS is regenerated, but the ammonium propylsilane intensity does not change, leading us to conclude that carbamic acid desorbs, while carbamate (to which ammonium propylsilane is ion paired) persists. A secondary ditehtered amine present does not react with CO2, and we posit this may be due to its rigidity. These findings demonstrate the versatility of solid-state NMR to provide information about these complex CO2 reactions with solid amine sorbents.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1488-1495
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Chemical Society.

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