Super Interferometric Range Resolution

John C. Howell, Andrew N. Jordan, Barbara Šoda, Achim Kempf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We probe the fundamental underpinnings of range resolution in coherent remote sensing. We use a novel class of self-referential interference functions to show that we can greatly improve upon currently accepted bounds for range resolution. We consider the range resolution problem from the perspective of single-parameter estimation of amplitude versus the traditional temporally resolved paradigm. We define two figures of merit: (i) the minimum resolvable distance between two depths and (ii) for temporally subresolved peaks, the depth resolution between the objects. We experimentally demonstrate that our system can resolve two depths greater than 100× the inverse bandwidth and measure the distance between two objects to approximately 20 μm (35 000 times smaller than the Rayleigh-resolved limit) for temporally subresolved objects using frequencies less than 120 MHz radio waves.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number053803
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume131
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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