TY - JOUR

T1 - Superselection-resolved entanglement in lattice gauge theories

T2 - a tensor network approach

AU - Feldman, Noa

AU - Knaute, Johannes

AU - Zohar, Erez

AU - Goldstein, Moshe

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

PY - 2024/5

Y1 - 2024/5

N2 - Lattice gauge theories (LGT) play a central role in modern physics, providing insights into high-energy physics, condensed matter physics, and quantum computation. Due to the nontrivial structure of the Hilbert space of LGT systems, entanglement in such systems is tricky to define. However, when one limits themselves to superselection-resolved entanglement, that is, entanglement corresponding to specific gauge symmetry sectors (commonly denoted as superselection sectors), this problem disappears, and the entanglement becomes well-defined. The study of superselection-resolved entanglement is interesting in LGT for an additional reason: when the gauge symmetry is strictly obeyed, superselection-resolved entanglement becomes the only distillable contribution to the entanglement. In our work, we study the behavior of superselection-resolved entanglement in LGT systems. We employ a tensor network construction for gauge-invariant systems as defined by Zohar and Burrello [1] and find that, in a vast range of cases, the leading term in superselection-resolved entanglement depends on the number of corners in the partition — corner-law entanglement. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such a corner-law being observed in any lattice system.

AB - Lattice gauge theories (LGT) play a central role in modern physics, providing insights into high-energy physics, condensed matter physics, and quantum computation. Due to the nontrivial structure of the Hilbert space of LGT systems, entanglement in such systems is tricky to define. However, when one limits themselves to superselection-resolved entanglement, that is, entanglement corresponding to specific gauge symmetry sectors (commonly denoted as superselection sectors), this problem disappears, and the entanglement becomes well-defined. The study of superselection-resolved entanglement is interesting in LGT for an additional reason: when the gauge symmetry is strictly obeyed, superselection-resolved entanglement becomes the only distillable contribution to the entanglement. In our work, we study the behavior of superselection-resolved entanglement in LGT systems. We employ a tensor network construction for gauge-invariant systems as defined by Zohar and Burrello [1] and find that, in a vast range of cases, the leading term in superselection-resolved entanglement depends on the number of corners in the partition — corner-law entanglement. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such a corner-law being observed in any lattice system.

KW - Confinement

KW - Gauge Symmetry

KW - Lattice Quantum Field Theory

KW - Topological States of Matter

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85193618648&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/JHEP05(2024)083

DO - 10.1007/JHEP05(2024)083

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85193618648

SN - 1126-6708

VL - 2024

JO - Journal of High Energy Physics

JF - Journal of High Energy Physics

IS - 5

M1 - 83

ER -