Surgical exposure of impacted canines: Open or closed surgery

Adrian Becker*, Ioannis Zogakis, Ionut Luchian, Stella Chaushu

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Scopus citations


    The methods for exposing impacted canines are outlined and the relative merits of using a closed versus open surgical procedure are discussed in relation to the projected long-term prognosis and appearance of the treated outcome. These surgical modalities have a wide range of variations designed for individual circumstances, each of which has advantages in specific cases. Similarly, orthodontic biomechanic protocols vary depending on the 3-dimensional location of the impacted tooth in the maxilla. Each of these factors has an influence on the final outcome. Attempts to provide answers showing a preference for one surgical technique over another using a prospective randomized clinical trial would be difficult in the face of such a wide spectrum of factors.

    Original languageAmerican English
    Pages (from-to)27-33
    Number of pages7
    JournalSeminars in Orthodontics
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2016 Elsevier Inc.


    Dive into the research topics of 'Surgical exposure of impacted canines: Open or closed surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this