Periodontal diseases are prevalent in humans. Conventional means of combating these diseases involve basic oral hygiene, mostly toothbrushing, use of mouthwashes, and flossing. Supplementary means of treatment, either clinical or pharmaceutical, are often necessary. The use of sustained-release delivery systems, applied locally to the periodontal pocket, seems to be one feasible approach: local sustained-release delivery of antibacterial agents to treat periodontal diseases is conceivable. The use of local (intrapocket) sustained-release delivery systems has numerous clinical, pharmacologic, and toxicologic advantages over conventional treatments for periodontal diseases. Sustained-release technology has been proven to be effective over the last few decades. Films, gels, and fibers are the three main classical intrapocket pharmaceutical delivery systems. Research today is more focused on improving drug delivery, and less on introducing new drugs. New approaches, eg, those making use of nanotechnology, are emerging for local drug-delivery systems. The local sustained-release delivery system concept is innovative and a few products are already commercially available.
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- local sustained release delivery systmes
- periodontal diseases