Synthesis of a novel macrocyclic library: Discovery of an IGF-1R inhibitor

Nir Qvit, Hadas Reuveni, Sharon Gazal, Adi Zundelevich, Galia Blum, Masha Y. Niv, Alexandra Feldstein, Sharon Meushar, Deborah E. Shalev, Assaf Friedler, Chaim Gilon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a new approach for the conversion of active sequences of proteins and peptides into small molecules. A library of macrocyclic disulfide molecules was made, in which the active pharmacophores of the parent peptide are preserved while the size of the macromolecular scaffold on which the pharmacophores are arranged is varied. This enables a systematic search for macromolecules in which the pharmacophores are in an appropriate conformation for biological activity. We developed two procedures for the synthesis of such libraries from building blocks that include commercial amino acids and functionalized aldehydes. Chemical synthesis using the "tea-bag" method gave a library with higher diversity, but low yields, compared to the manual synthesis of the library, in which the compounds were synthesized in individual vessels and the yield and purity improved dramatically. As a proof of concept, we synthesized a 34-member library derived from the sequence of the activation loop of insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor. Selected compounds were screened, and one was found to be biologically active in the low micromolar range. The concept presented here may prove particularly useful in cases where the pharmacophores are known but need to be systematically screened for a spatial arrangement that will enable biological activity.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)256-266
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Combinatorial Chemistry
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2008

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