Transmission of reductive and oxidative cues from the photosynthetic electron transport chain to redox regulatory protein networks plays a crucial role in coordinating photosynthetic activities. The tight balance between these two signals dictates the cellular response to changing light conditions. While the role of reductive signals in activating chloroplast metabolism is well established, the role of their counterbalanced oxidative signals is still unclear, mainly due to monitoring difficulties. Here, we introduced chlroGFP2-PrxΔCR, a 2-Cys peroxiredoxin-based biosensor, into Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplasts to monitor the dynamic changes in photosynthetically derived oxidative signaling. We showed that chl-roGFP2-PrxΔCR oxidation states reflected oxidation patterns similar to those of endogenous 2-Cys peroxiredoxin under varying light conditions. By employing a set of genetically encoded biosensors, we showed the induction of 2-Cys peroxiredoxin-dependent oxidative signals, throughout the day, under varying light intensities and their inverse relationship with NADPH levels, unraveling the combined activity of reducing and oxidizing signals. Furthermore, we demonstrated the induction of 2-Cys peroxiredoxin-derived oxidative signals during a dark–to–low-light transition and uncovered a faster increase in carbon assimilation rates during the photosynthesis induction phase in plants deficient in 2-Cys peroxiredoxins compared with wild type, suggesting the involvement of oxidative signals in attenuating photosynthesis. The presented data highlight the role of oxidative signals under nonstress conditions and suggest that oxidative signals measured by peroxiredoxin-based biosensors reflect the limitation to photosynthesis imposed by the redox regulatory system.
|Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
|Published - 7 Jun 2022
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- oxidative signal