Target-driven smoke animation

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

52 Scopus citations


In this paper we present a new method for efficiently controlling animated smoke. Given a sequence of target smoke states, our method generates a smoke simulation in which the smoke is driven towards each of these targets in turn, while exhibiting natural-looking interesting smoke-like behavior. This control is made possible by two new terms that we add to the standard flow equations: (i) a driving force term that causes the fluid to carry the smoke towards a particular target, and (ii) a smoke gathering term that prevents the smoke from diffusing too much. These terms are explicitly defined by the instantaneous state of the system at each simulation timestep. Thus, no expensive optimization is required, allowing complex smoke animations to be generated with very little additional cost compared to ordinary flow simulations.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2004
EventACM SIGGRAPH 2004, SIGGRAPH 2004 - Los Angeles, CA, United States
Duration: 8 Aug 200412 Aug 2004


ConferenceACM SIGGRAPH 2004, SIGGRAPH 2004
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLos Angeles, CA


  • Animation control
  • Fluid dynamics
  • Smoke simulation


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