Alternative splicing (AS) of mRNAs is an essential regulatory mechanism in eukaryotic gene expression. AS misregulation, caused by either dysregulation or mutation of splicing factors, has been shown to be involved in cancer development and progression, making splicing factors suitable targets for cancer therapy. In recent years, various types of pharmacological modulators, such as small molecules and oligonucleotides, targeting distinct components of the splicing machinery, have been under development to treat multiple disorders. Although these approaches have promise, targeting the core spliceosome components disrupts the early stages of spliceosome assembly and can lead to nonspecific and toxic effects. New research directions have been focused on targeting specific splicing factors for a more precise effect. In this Perspective, we will highlight several approaches for targeting splicing factors and their functions and suggest ways to improve their specificity.
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© 2023 Bashari et al. This article, published in RNA, is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International), as described at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.
- cancer therapy
- decoy oligonucleotides
- small molecules
- splicing factor