The Added Value of Improvisation to Effectiveness-Oriented Transformational Leadership

Adam Nir, Peer Li Piro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: The power of improvisation to promote organizational behavior and outcomes has gained recognition in the last couple of decades. The point of departure for the current study is that improvisation is likely to mediate leaders’ impact on school effectiveness. Methodology: The study is based on the responses of 60 school principals and 696 teachers. Findings: The multilevel analysis provides evidence of the mediation effect apparent in the indirect effects of transformational leadership through principals’ improvisation discernible in their creativity in the two school effectiveness factors: perceived productivity and perceived adaptability. Implications: Our findings suggest that creativity may be considered an efficient coping mechanism for school leaders coping with variance and heterogeneity.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)265-281
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Reform
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 SAGE Publications.


  • creativity
  • effectiveness
  • improvisation
  • transformational leadership


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