The beginning of a controversial relationship: The IMF, the World Bank, and Argentina, 1943-46

Claudia Kedar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The few historical studies that have addressed the formative years of the relationship between Argentina and the Bretton Woods Institutions-the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, better known as the World Bank-begin their narratives in the post-Peronist period. However, its roots are found in the pre-Peronist and the pre-IMF era. This article focuses on a specific crucial point for the understanding of the conflictive relations between the sides-the exclusion of Argentina from the foundational event of the IMF, the Bretton Woods Conference of July 1944. The article portrays Argentina's non-invitation to the Bretton Woods Conference by the principal responsible for its organization-Washington, DC-as a link in the chain of diplomatic and economic sanctions that the United States imposed on this neutral country.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)201-230
Number of pages30
JournalCanadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Volume35
Issue number69
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Resumen. Los escasos trabajos hist6ricos que analizan la etapa formativa de las relaciones entre Argentina y las Instituciones de Bretton Woods-el Fonda Monetario Internacional (FMI) y el Banco Jnternacional de Reconstruccion y Fomenta, conocido hoy como el Banco Mundial,- comienzan sus narrativas en la época post-Peronista. Sin embargo, sus origenes se remontan al periodo prePeronista y pre-FMI/Banco Mundial. El presente articulo, entonces, enfoca un punto crucial para comprender la conflictiva relaci6n que se desarroll6 entre las partes - la exclusion de Argentina del evento fundacional del FMI y el Banco Mundial, la Conferencia de Bretton Woods de Julio 1944. La no-invitaci6n de Argentina a dicha conferencia por el principal promotor y organizador de la

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