Much has been written since the early 1980s about the costs of regulation and the various ways to curb them, but thus far no one has examined empirically the rise or decline of other forms of legislation, mainly primary legislation, in the context of the “war on regulation.” This article examines the extent to which the decline in the rate of production of secondary legislation in Israel since 1985 has been driven by changes in the rate of production of primary legislation. Using an original longitudinal data set, we count, codify various dimensions, and compare the type and length of primary and secondary legislations and the number of delegated provisions that primary legislations contain. We find that the relationship between primary and secondary legislation is not hierarchic, as one might have expected, but has become partially substitutive. The decline in the rate of production of secondary legislation in Israel is, perhaps paradoxically, associated with the rise of primary legislation. This opens a new research agenda on the relationships between primary and secondary legislation that goes well beyond the Israeli case.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Country Legislation Type Source Link Years Israel Secondary University of Haifa; Hebrew University of Jerusalem; Justice Ministry: ( Kovetz Hatakanot) http://www.justice.gov.il/ 1948–2017 Primary Justice Ministry & Israeli Law Database ( Sefer Hahukim) http://www.justice.gov.il/ https://main.knesset.gov.il/Activity/Legislation/Laws/Pages/LawAboutSite.aspx Ireland Secondary The electronic Irish Statute Book (Statutory Instruments) http://www.irishstatutebook.ie 1948–2015 Primary The electronic Irish Statute Book (Acts of the Oireachtas) http://www.irishstatutebok.ie United Kingdom Secondary UK Statutory Instruments LexisNexis Database 1949–2014 Primary UK Policy Agendas & National Archives of the UK (UK Acts of Parliament) ; Bevan www.legislation.gov.uk Australia Secondary Federal Register of Legislation (Legislative Instruments) https://www.legislation.gov.au/ 1949–2016 Primary Federal Register of Legislation (Acts of Parliament) https://www.legislation.gov.au/ US Secondary Library of Congress & Federal Registe r (Rules and Regulations) https://www.federalregister.gov/ 1976–2016 Primary US Policy Agendas Project (Public Laws) https://www.comparativeagendas.net/us Spain Secondary Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado https://www.boe.es 1979–2013 Primary Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado https://www.boe.es Germany Secondary Bundesgesetzblatt ( Verordnungen ) https://www.bgbl.de/ 1950–2016 Primary Bundesgesetzblatt ( Bundesgesetz ) https://www.bgbl.de/ Denmark Secondary Lovtidende (lov) https://www.retsinformation.dk/ 1988–2016 Primary Lovtidende (Bekendtgørelser) https://www.retsinformation.dk/ Norway Secondary Lovdata (Norsk Lovtidend) https://lovdata.no/ 2001–2016 Primary Lovdata (Lover) https://lovdata.no/ Sweden Secondary Regeringskansliet ( Lagar ) http://rkrattsdb.gov.se 1999–2016 Primary Regeringskansliet ( förordningar , föreskrifter ) http://rkrattsdb.gov.se http://rkrattsdb.gov.se/ B
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